UNDERSTANDING FACTS ABOUT SEA ANIMALS
Our Earth is called the blue planet. Earth looks like a blue marble from the space because almost 71% of its surface is covered with water. Sea ecosystem is filled with such interesting facts about sea animals.
We have only 2.5% fresh water available on Earth’s surface and the rest 97.5% is saline water in the form of oceans and seas.
It is quite surprising to know that almost 80% of all lives survive underwater in seas. Millions of species take shelter in the saline ecosystem of the sea.
These species have adapted to the saline ecology to survive. There are various distinct features and amazing facts about sea animals.
It has always been fun to explore the sea life of these species. However, it is not mandatory to go underwater to explore the sea culture.
You can go through this article to know some of the interesting facts about sea animals and can imagine a picturesque view of the sea culture.
Some Interesting facts about sea animals
Each sea animal has different characteristics, features, and habitat. Some of these animals live in the water surface, whereas some others live in deep seabed.
Some sea animals are well known such as whales, sharks, dolphins, octopus, turtles, etc. On the other hand, there are some sea animals that you have not even heard about.
There are many amazing facts about sea animals that will help you to enhance your general knowledge.
Amazing Facts about fishes
- The great white shark is known as the deadliest species of the shark family. The great white shark is the only shark that is warm-blooded.
- The thresher shark has a long scythe-like tail that is used to hunt food.
- Moray eels often open and close its mouth not as an aggressive approach but as a general respiratory process.
- Frogfishes have no teeth, hence they have to swallow their whole food.
- As the name suggests, an electric eel generates electricity that can light up to 10 electric bulbs.
- A parrotfish generates its own sleeping bag for it to sleep in it at night. The self-generated sleeping bag is made up of mucus that protects it from predators.
- Damselfish is known as the farmer of the sea because it grows little algae gardens underwater.
Fun Facts about mammals
- Dolphins are a friendly water animal. Dolphins have a unique pattern of sleep. They sleep with their one eye open.
- When a dolphin sleeps, only 50% of its brain sleeps and the rest stay alert to watch for predators.
- You must have heard the name ‘killer whale’. Well, Orca is known as the killer whale. Although the name is killer whale it belongs to the dolphin family, not to whales.
- Whales and dolphins do not have gills like fishes rather they breathe like us. They have a blowhole on their head to breathe.
- Whales quite often make a loud whistle sound with 188 dBs. This whistle can be heard from a distance of 500 miles underwater.
- The blue whale is the largest animal of the planet. It has a huge heart about the size of a small car.
- The blood vessels of a blue whale are too large that a trout can easily swim through these vessels.
Interesting Facts about octopus
- Everyone knows that an octopus has eight arms but you might not be aware that it has three hearts.
- Octopuses have blue coloured blood
- Octopuses do not have hearing sensation and are completely deaf.
- Sometime octopus detaches its arm to escape from a predator. However, it is capable to regrow its arm.
Amazing Facts about sea horse
- Sea horse is a cute little animal quite common to see in the ocean. This is the only species of the animal kingdom where the male gives birth and takes care of its baby.
- The female sea horse deposits all the eggs in a small pocket of the male. The male sea horse then fertilizes these eggs in its pocket until they are born.
Fun Facts about sea turtle
- One of the most beautiful sea animals found in the sea is the sea turtle, it is found in almost all continents except Antarctica.
- Sea turtles mostly seem like they are crying but actually, they are not. They excrete salt absorbed in water from their eyes in the form of tears.
- The largest sea turtle is leatherback turtle which is 6.5 feet long and weighs up to 1500 pounds.
Interesting facts about sea otter
- Sea otter possesses one of the toughest furs to protect them from the cold water of the sea.
- Sea otters have a secret pouch of skin found near their armpit. They use their secret pouch to store food.
Amazing facts about corals
- Coral looks like plants but actually, they are animals. They are beautiful and colourful amazing creatures who live in the sea.
- Although corals rely on the photosynthesis process for survival the coral polyps do not perform actual photosynthesis process. It is the algae or zooxanthellae that perform the photosynthesis process.
Some more interesting facts about sea animals are as follows.
- Have you seen an animal that has teeth in its stomach? Yes, it’s a crab that has teeth in its stomach. It sounds quite surprising but it is true.
- Nothing can stand in front of a mother’s love. There is no alternative to a mother’s love. Mama harp is a very good example of this. She can find her baby just by its distinct scent in a huge gathering.
- An oyster can changes its gender from male to female and vice versa depending on mating purposes.
- Sponges are also a sea animal with an interesting fact. It does not have any bone, mouth, eyes, head, feelers, heart, lungs or brain but still they are living organisms.
- Jellyfish is one of the oldest animals that have their existence longer than dinosaurs.
- Shrimps are found in huge population in the sea. An interesting fact about this sea creature is that it has its heart is in its head.
- Sea ecosystem provides shelter not only animals but many birds also depend on seas for food requirements such as blue-footed booby, brown pelican, penguin, etc.
Seas contribute a lot of benefit to the environment. Seas are not only related to fisheries and shipping purposes but it also plays important roles in the conservation of the environment.
Sea creates a huge level of oxygen in the atmosphere and also helps in maintaining proper chemical equilibrium conditions in the environment.
Seas are playing their role quite efficiently for the progress and prosperity of mankind but we also should understand our responsibilities.
We need to implement all the preventive measures to protect the sea from pollution for the benefit of our environment.