Home Domestic Animals Types of Goats: How many breeds of goats are there?

Types of Goats: How many breeds of goats are there?

How many breeds of goats are there?

The goat was amongst the earliest domesticated animals. There are numerous types of goats. The archaeologist had found the traces of goat domestication in western Asia, Jericho, Choga, Mami, Djeitun, and Cayonu to be dated at between 6000 and 7000 B.C.

Yet, different kinds of the sheep family, goat family is clearly described. Moreover, they easily comfort themselves even in the wild condition.

Types of Goats

1. Alpines Goat

  • Found in the Alp.

  • The mature breed weighs 61 kg (135 lbs), and height 76 cm (30 in).

  • Colour range from white or grey to brown and black.

  • They are heavy milkers.

  • Used for different kinds of commercial dairy products, as well as homestead milk goats.


2. Altai Mountain Goat

  • Originated in the Altai Republic region of the Altai Mountains.

  • They are a domestic breed of the goat for the production of wool.

  • Female breed (nanny goats) weigh 41 to 44kg.

  • Male breed (billy goats) weigh 65 to 70kg.

  • Black at a younger age and grow too dark brown or grey.

  • The length and volume of the wool grow, four times more than the local goats of the region.


3. Bagot Goat

  • Found in Blithfield Hall, Staffordshire, England.

  • The breed is one of the oldest breeds of goats in Britain today.

  • Small goat, with a black head and neck to the girth.

  • In females, the horns tend to be straight or slightly rearward curling.

  • In males, the horns are wider set and form large sweeping curves over the back.


4. Barbari Goat

  • Domestic meat-type goat found in a wide area in India and Pakistan.

  • Got the name from a coastal city located on the Indian Ocean “Berbera”

  • Small size goat, with head, is small and agile, small horns and small upward-pointing ears.

  • The coat is short and generally have white-spotted with brownish-red.


5. Boer Goat

  • Developed in South Africa in the early 1900s.

  • With white bodies and distinctive brown heads.

  • Popular for meat production.

  • Gain weight at about the same rate as their size.

  • They are recorded for being adaptable, fast-growing, and having high fertility rates.

6. Spanish Goat

  • Originally came from Spain via Mexico to the USA.

  • Also known as brush goat or scrub goat.

  • Widely used as meat and brush-clearing in the United States.

  • An attractive range of animal because of its small udder and teats.

  • Very tough, able to sustain and flourish under adverse agroclimatic conditions


7. Kiko Goat

  • Created in the 1980s by Garrick and Anne Batten.

  • Derived from the word Maori means meat or flesh

  • Formed by cross-breeding of feral goats with Anglo-Nubian, Toggenburg, and Saanen bucks.

  • Shows natural parasite protection.

8. Pygym

  • American breed of achondroplastic goat.

  • Originates from the West African Dwarf group of breeds of West Africa.

  • small and stocky, with heavy bone.

  • Height at the withers in the range 40 to 50 cm, with weights of 25 to 40 kg.

  • Has variation of seven colours: caramel with black markings, caramel with brown markings, brown agouti, grey agouti, black agouti, black with white markings, and solid black.


9. Nigerian Dwarf Goat

  • Found in the district of Angora in Asia Minor.

  • Produces the bright fiber known as mohair.

  • A single goat can produce up to four and five kilograms of hair per year.

  • Shaved twice a year

  • Require extra protection from the weather since they can get hypothermia if their long hair gets wet from cold rain or snow.

11. Bhuj Goat 

  • Found in north-eastern Brazil.

  • Used for both milk and meat production.

  • Normally black with white or spotted lop ears and a Roman nose.

  • Originated from the Kutchi breed of India.

12. Golden Guernsey Goat

  • It is among the rare types of goats which found in the Channel Islands.

  • Developed by mating from local breeds to Anglo-Nubian and Swiss breeds.

  • Generally used for milk production.

  • Golden in colour, ranging from pale blond to deep bronze.

  • Males are usually horned.

13. Peacock Goat 

  • Found in 1887 from the cantons of Graubünden and Upper Tessin in Switzerland.

  • Used for the production of milk.

  • Goat is white with black boots and a thick mid-length coat of hair with a large horn. Deep and dark facial spots/stripes from the base of the horn, over the eye, and to the nose.

  • Originally known as a striped goat.

14. Asmari Goat

  • Originate in the Kunar province of Afghanistan.

  • Common breeds, and are mainly used as pack animals and grown for their meat and milk.

  • Males turn to 70 cm in height and females grow to 53 cm in height.

  • Males measure 50–90 kg, while females weigh 45–60 kg.

  • Small head and a long neck with white and a black neck and shoulders.

  • Produces 90 kg of milk in a lactation period of 120days.

15. Irish Goat

  • Domestic goat of Ireland

  • The dual-purpose breed used both for meat and for milk.

  • Long-haired, bearded and horned in both sexes.

16. Kalahari Goat

  • Originate from South Africa.

  • Expensive breed derived from their red coat and the Kalahari Desert.

  • Used in meat production.

  • Adapted to resist their harsh environment, with their red coats.

  • It is the rare types of goats.

17. Kamori Goat

  • Found in the Sindh province of Pakistan.

  • Long ears and neck and a large body, and distinctive colour.

  • Dark brown with small coffee-coloured or dark patches over its entire body.

  • Hybridized with Patairee goats, another breed found in Sindh.

18. Oberhasli Goat

  • American breed imported to the USA in 1906 and 1920.

  • Colouring of the breed is called “chamoisée” or “chamois”.

  • The coat is mid-brown, with black markings consisting of two black facial stripes.

  • A black forehead, a black dorsal stripe or mule stripe, and black belly and lower limbs.

19. Murciana Goat

  • Originate from Murcia province along the Mediterranean coast of southeastern Spain.

  • Dual-purpose breed for both milk and meat.

  • The ear is shaped like the Swiss breeds.

20. Toggenburg Goat

  • Swiss breed of dairy goat.

  • Originates from that of the Toggenburg region of the Canton of St. Gallen.

  • Medium in size with Coat colour ranges from light brown to mouse grey.

  • White Swiss markings on the face along with lower legs and tail area.

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